Sometimes you wonder whether you are amongst the Hypocrites and not the Muslims? But what is a Hypocrite?
There was a known hypocrite living amongst the people of the prophet Muhammad peace be upon Him. His name was Abdullah ben Ubay ben Salul. He did many harms to the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. When he was told to do djihad, he refused to, when the people wanted to give saddaqa, charity, he stopped them, when it was too hot he did not want to pray and said it was too warm. When Abdullah ben Ubay ben Salul died his son came to the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him and asked him to do genesa, prayer over the dead person, and implore pardon for him. The prophet knew about his hypocrisy, but his Mercy and heart was filled with compassion and for him it was equal to demand pardon for him and it would take no time, so why not. The prophet Muhammad peace be upon him wanted to do genesa even though Umar ibn al-Khattab, one the closest friends to the prophet, reminded him of Abdullah ben Ubay's mischiefs and hypocrisy. Even though the prophet peace be upon him was reminded he peace be upon him wanted to demand pardon for Abdullah ben Ubay ben Salul. So Allah revealed a verse for him, not to pray over a hypocrite, and another verse. And after the second verse was revealed, while the prophet was doing the genesa, the prophet peace be upon him stopped in the middle of genesa and never did that again to anyone.
"Ibn Umar reported that when Abdullah ben Ubay ben Salul died, his son Abdullah ben Abdullah (ben Ubay) came to Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him and begged him his shirt which he would use as a coffin for his father, /and the Messenger of Allah/ gave him that. Then he begged him to pray the funeral prayer for him. Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him had hardly got up to pray for him when Umar may allah be pleased with him stood up and caught hold of the garment of Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him and said: O Allah's Messenger! Are you going to conduct prayer for this man, whereas Allah the Exalted has forbidden you to pray for him? Thereupon Allah's Messenger has said: 'You may beg pardon for them or you may not beg pardon for them, and even if you beg pardon for them, seventy times"
9:80] اسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ أَوْ لاَ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ إِن تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ سَبْعِينَ مَرَّةً فَلَن يَغْفِرَ اللّهُ لَهُمْ ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَفَرُواْ بِاللّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَاللّهُ لاَ يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ
I am going to add over the seventy. He was a hypocrite and Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him prayed for him, then Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, revealed this verse: "Do not offer prayer for any one of them at all and donot stand upon their graves for (offering prayer over them)"
[9:84] وَلاَ تُصَلِّ عَلَى أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُم مَّاتَ أَبَدًا وَلاَ تَقُمْ عَلَىَ قَبْرِهِ إِنَّهُمْ كَفَرُواْ بِاللّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَمَاتُواْ وَهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ
He added: "He then abandoned offering funeral prayer for them".
How does a hypocrite behave? There are some characteristics!
Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri may allah be pleased with him that during the lifetime of Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him the hypocrites behaved in this way that when Allah's apostle may peace be upon him set out for a battle, they kept themselves behind, and they became happy that they had managed to sit in the house contrary to Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him, and when Allah's Apostle may peace be upon him came back, they put ofrward excuses and took oath and wished that people land them for the deeds which they had not done. It was on this occasion that this verse was revealed: "Think not that those who exult in what they have don, and love to be praised for what they have not done. Think not them to be safe from the chastisement; and for them is a painful chastisement /in the here after/"
[3:18] شَهِدَ اللّهُ أَنَّهُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ وَالْمَلاَئِكَةُ وَأُوْلُواْ الْعِلْمِ قَآئِمَاً بِالْقِسْطِ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ
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